Liver Problems in Horses

Liver is the chemical functional area of the horse's body. It is one of the most significant and biggest organs in the horse's body. Around 70 per cent of the tissue in liver becomes badly damaged to cause liver problems and only after this, you or your vet would begin to suspect the liver problem Liver disease is no doubt a very serious disease. It is the one with which the horses hardly recover entirely.

Nature of liver problems in horses

In not like the case of kidney failure, the horses that have liver problems require increased level of sugar in diets so as to preserve the levels of glucose in blood. The liver disease can be very common in horses. Horses with failed or diseased liver may suffer from problems such as, weight loss, jaundice, loss of appetite, lethargy and not tolerating fat and protein in diet. The horses that become badly affected may also be very irritating and roam around aimlessly. It may press its head against the surrounding objects.


The particular diagnosis for liver problems in horses can be supported by the ultrasound examination of liver. The histological examination of liver biopsy specimen is taken. The most often reported liver diseases are intense hepatic necrosis, cholelithiasis, persistent hepatitis induced by pyrrolizidine alkaloids and haemochromatosis. Liver biopsy and ultrasound examination are the two most usual used auxiliary tests made to detect liver disease. The ultrasound examination helps to bring out the elaborated bile ducts, biliary stones, biliary sludge, hepatomegaly, hepatic fibrosis, hepatic masses and hepatic lipidosis.

Causes of liver problems in horses

Signs and symptoms of liver problems in horses


As per the traditional medicine kit for treating the liver problems in horses, there is as such no particular treatment. The horse must be made to have total rest. Feed it with high energy food that is quite low in protein. Vitamins B and glucose by mouth can be very helpful. Treatments differ depending on the cause. It is important to give the antibiotics that check the other secondary infections. The alternative veterinary doctors and surgeons ascertain that the herbs can be useful in the case of liver disease, in particular.

The instant treatments done with antibiotics and polyionic fluids, in connection with the supportive nutritional care are generally very important to conserve the horse till adequate liver revival happens and facilitates to offer proper function. The supportive treatments in most of the cases lead to liver failure in horses. They include crystalloid medical care with subsidiary potassium and dextrose.