Feline Corneal Sequestration
Feline corneal sequestration or FCS is a disease that is unique for cats. It can affect just any breed of cats but is particularly common in some breeds such as Abbysinians, Burmese, Colorpoints, Himalayans and Persians. Cats of all ages can be struck with it. There are many facts that you should understand about feline corneal sequestration.
What is feline corneal sequestration?
Feline corneal sequestration is the situation when black of brown spot builds up in cornea. The situation may or may not be related with corneal vascularization or blood vessels. It may acquire with or without any noticeable cause or may also follow viral infections, for example cat flu, corneal ulcer or irritation.
In few cases, feline corneal sequestration wounds can build up in the similar eye or in other eye. In the early cases, there have been some cases that react to the relevant drops. The drops may be required to be applied for about 1 to 2 months prior to any response is visible. The players seem to get best response to the therapy in some cases where there is little staining of the cornea.
Clinical Signs and symptoms
The corneal sequestrum is clinically characterized by the presence of signs such as-
- Presence of irregular, dark brown or black spot of different sizes
- Localized in the center of cornea
Treatment feline corneal sequestration
- In the orthodox treatment for feline corneal sequestration, it consists of excision surgery of lesion. Resulted ulcer is treated as a basic ulcer except when the circumstances show more dynamic treatment. The treatment is aimed at the avoidance of adhesions to the inner makings of eye with glaucoma as a grave complication. The orthodox treatment is not practiced though because of some of its limitations such as, usual anesthetics in Persians or Brachycephalic breed is risky, surgery is costly and it needs for extra aftercare.
- It is important in the case of FCS that the whole discolored cornea is taken off with the help of the working microscope.
- After the discolored corneal sequestration is completely removed, it is made covered with the flap of third eyelid for about one or two weeks the time in which cornea heals. Antibiotics are required then that come either in the form of drops in the eye or as a paste in the food.
- If feline corneal sequestration is deep enough or if it repeats an everlasting conjunctivas graft or an artificial corneal graft or corneoscleral transposition graft right away stitched in the corneal problem.
- Make the diet home made having 70% of flesh protein, 20% of carbohydrates and vegetables and 10% of fat in the form of additional virgin olive oil.
- Avoid any further toxic exposure for the cat by offering it clean food without ontaminated heavy metals, pesticides or drugs
- Trim the nasal hairs of the cat routinely back from its eyes. You should regularly use the ophthalmic ointment.